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Beginning History: The Great Fire Of London

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Carlson, Jennifer Anne (September 2005). "The economics of fire protection: from the Great Fire of London to Rural/Metro". Economic Affairs. 25 (3): 39–44. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-0270.2005.00570.x.

Despite this, residents were inclined to put the blame for the fire on foreigners, particularly Catholics, the French, and the Dutch. [120] Trained bands were put on guard and foreigners arrested in locations throughout England. [121] An example of the urge to identify scapegoats for the fire is the acceptance of the confession of a simple-minded French watchmaker named Robert Hubert, who claimed that he was a member of a gang that had started the Great Fire in Westminster. He later changed his story to say that he had started the fire at the bakery in Pudding Lane. Hubert was convicted, despite some misgivings about his fitness to plead, and hanged at Tyburn on 29 October 1666. After his death, it became apparent that he had been on board a ship in the North Sea, and had not arrived in London until two days after the fire started. [122] [123] Townspeople: Fire! Fire! We need to tell somebody about this… I wish someone would invent the telephone. And the fire brigade.Let’s get The Lord Mayor. The Great Fire of London was a major conflagration that swept through central London from Sunday 2 September to Thursday 6 September 1666, [1] gutting the medieval City of London inside the old Roman city wall, while also extending past the wall to the west. The death toll is generally thought to have been relatively small, [2] [3] although some historians have challenged this belief. [4] Townsperson: I’ve heard that more than 300 houses have been burned by a fire, Sir, and it’s still going. It seemed there was nowhere safe from the fire, so everyone was really worried – including the diary writer Samuel Pepys.

What happened after the fire?

Cultural responses to the Great Fire emerged in poetry, "one of the chief modes of media in seventeenth-century England", [166] as well as in religious sermons. [120] At least 23 poems were published in the year following the fire. [167] More recent cultural works featuring the Great Fire include the 1841 novel Old St. Paul's [168] (and the 1914 film adaptation), [169] the 2006 novel Forged in the Fire, [170] the 2014 television drama The Great Fire, [171] and the musical Bumblescratch, which was performed as part of the commemorations of the 350th anniversary of the Great Fire. [172] See also Some of my readers may have an interest in being informed whether or not any portions of the Marshalsea Prison are yet standing. I myself did not know, until I was approaching the end of this story, when I went to look. I found the outer front courtyard, often mentioned here, metamorphosed into a butter shop.

Topic Guides – Explore our topic guides and discover teaching ideas, resources, facts, videos and books that will help you to teach your children about a wide range of topics and themes. The questions progress in difficulty, so those based on source 5 are a little harder than those questions based on source 1. It is suggested that teachers/helpers read through the documents together with the class. Have a go at reading the original document first to spot familiar words, but all documents are transcribed and have simplified transcripts. Here are some suggestions for further activities

Watch: Why did the Great Fire of London happen?

But before they could use fire hooks, the people of Pudding Lane needed to ask the Lord Mayor if they were allowed to – and he had to say ‘yes’.

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